How Do I Know What My Tax Returns Are?

Have you ever wondered how to find out what your tax returns are? It can be a bit confusing and overwhelming, especially if you’re not familiar with the process. But fear not, because in this article, you’ll discover a simple and straightforward way to access all the information you need about your tax returns. By following these steps, you’ll be able to stay on top of your finances and gain a clear understanding of your tax situation. So let’s get started and demystify the world of tax returns!

Understanding Tax Returns

What is a Tax Return?

A tax return is a document that individuals and businesses file with the government to report their income, expenses, and other relevant financial information for a specific tax year. It serves as a way to determine the amount of tax owed or the refund a taxpayer is eligible to receive.

Why is it important?

Filing a tax return is an essential civic responsibility and a legal requirement in many countries, including the United States. It ensures that individuals and businesses pay their fair share of taxes based on their income and financial situation. Additionally, accurately completing a tax return can maximize deductions and credits, potentially reducing the tax liability.

How does it work?

When filing a tax return, you provide detailed information about your income, deductible expenses, and any tax credits you may be eligible for. The government uses this information to calculate your tax liability or determine if you are eligible for a tax refund. Tax returns are typically due by a specific deadline, and they can be filed electronically or on paper.

Documents Required

W-2 Forms

If you are an employee, your employer provides you with a W-2 form, summarizing your earnings and taxes withheld during the tax year. It ensures accurate reporting of your wages and allows you to claim certain deductions and credits.

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1099 Forms

If you are self-employed or receive income from sources other than regular employment, such as freelance work or investments, you may receive 1099 forms. These forms report the income you received and allow you to accurately report your earnings.

Bank Statements

Bank statements are crucial for verifying your income and expenses. They provide proof of income from interest, dividends, or other financial transactions and can be used to document deductible expenses.

Receipts and Invoices

When claiming deductions for business or personal expenses, it is important to have receipts and invoices as evidence. These documents provide proof of payment and help support your claims.

Previous Year’s Tax Return

Having a copy of your previous year’s tax return can be beneficial for reference purposes. It can help ensure consistency in reporting and remind you of any deductions or credits you claimed in the previous year.

Tracking Income

Employment Income

For most individuals, employment income is the main source of income. This includes wages, salaries, tips, and bonuses received from an employer.

Self-Employment Income

If you are self-employed or run your own business, you must track your self-employment income. This includes income from freelancing, consulting, or owning a small business.

Investment Income

Any income generated from investments, such as dividends, interest, or capital gains, should be accurately reported on your tax return.

Rental Income

If you own property and earn rental income, it is important to include this income in your tax return. Rental income should be reported separately from other sources of income.

Deductible Expenses

Home Mortgage Interest

If you own a home and have a mortgage, the interest paid on the mortgage may be deductible. This can significantly reduce your taxable income.

Property Taxes

Property taxes paid on real estate can also be deducted from your taxable income. It is important to keep track of these expenses to take advantage of this deduction.

Business Expenses

Self-employed individuals and business owners can deduct various expenses related to their business, including office supplies, equipment, and travel expenses. Keeping detailed records of these expenses is essential.

Healthcare Expenses

Certain healthcare expenses, such as medical and dental expenses, health insurance premiums, and prescription medications, can be deducted if they meet specific criteria outlined by the tax authorities.

Education Expenses

Qualified education expenses, such as tuition fees, textbooks, and student loan interest, may be eligible for deductions or credits. It is important to keep records of these expenses to benefit from potential tax savings.

Tax Credits

Child Tax Credit

The Child Tax Credit is a tax credit given to eligible taxpayers for each dependent child. It reduces the overall tax liability and can potentially result in a refund if the credit exceeds the tax owed.

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Earned Income Tax Credit

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a credit for low to moderate-income individuals and families. It provides additional financial assistance and can result in a refund if the credit exceeds the tax owed.

Education Tax Credit

There are various education tax credits available for individuals pursuing higher education, such as the American Opportunity Credit and the Lifetime Learning Credit. These credits can reduce the tax liability or result in a refund.

Filing Status


If you are unmarried, divorced, or legally separated, you generally file as a single taxpayer. This filing status applies to individuals who do not qualify for any other filing status.

Married Filing Jointly

Married couples have the option to file a joint tax return, combining their income, deductions, and credits. This filing status may offer certain tax benefits and potentially lower the overall tax liability.

Head of Household

Individuals who are unmarried, provide the main financial support for a qualifying child or other dependents, and maintain a household can file as Head of Household. This status offers more favorable tax rates and deductions.

Married Filing Separately

Married couples also have the option to file separate tax returns. This may be beneficial in certain situations, but it is important to evaluate the potential impact on tax liability and eligibility for certain deductions and credits.

Qualifying Widow/Widower

If your spouse passed away in the previous tax year, you may be able to file as a Qualifying Widow/Widower with Dependent Child for a limited time. This filing status allows for more favorable tax rates and deductions.

Tax Filing Deadlines

Federal Tax Return Filing Deadline

In the United States, federal tax returns are generally due on April 15th each year. However, if the deadline falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline may be extended to the next business day.

State Tax Return Filing Deadline

Each state sets its own tax return filing deadline, which may or may not align with the federal deadline. It is important to check the specific deadline for your state to avoid penalties and interest.


If you are unable to file your tax return by the deadline, you have the option to request an extension. This extends the filing deadline but does not grant an extension for paying any taxes owed. It is crucial to be aware of the requirements and deadlines associated with filing an extension.

Methods to Determine Tax Return

Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Approach

Many individuals choose to file their tax returns themselves using tax preparation software or paper forms provided by the government. This method requires you to collect and input all the necessary information accurately.

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Online Tax Preparation Services

There are numerous online tax preparation services available that guide you through the tax return process and help you identify deductions and credits. These services often provide a user-friendly interface and can e-file your return directly.

Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

If you prefer a professional to handle your tax return, you can hire a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). CPAs have expertise in tax laws and can ensure your return is accurate and compliant.

Tax Attorney

In certain complex tax situations or if you require legal advice, consulting a tax attorney may be necessary. Tax attorneys specialize in tax law and can provide guidance and representation if you are dealing with tax disputes or issues.

Reviewing and Submitting

Double-Check Accuracy

Before submitting your tax return, it is crucial to double-check all the information for accuracy and completeness. Errors or omissions could lead to penalties, delays, or potential audits. Reviewing your return ensures that you have claimed all eligible deductions and credits.

Signing and Submitting

Once you have reviewed your return and are confident in its accuracy, you can sign and submit it. E-filing is the most common method, but you can also mail in a paper return. Remember to keep a copy of your tax return for your records.

Payment Options

If you owe taxes, it is important to explore the different payment options available to you. You can pay online, by check, or set up a payment plan if you are unable to pay the full amount owed immediately. It is crucial to pay your taxes on time to avoid penalties and interest charges.

Understanding Tax Refunds

What is a Tax Refund?

A tax refund is the excess amount of money that a taxpayer has paid to the government during the tax year. It occurs when the tax liability is less than the total amount of taxes withheld from the taxpayer’s income. The refund is typically issued by the government after processing the tax return.

How to Check Tax Refund Status

To check the status of your tax refund, you can use the online tools provided by the tax authorities, such as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. You will need your Social Security number, filing status, and the exact refund amount to access this information.

Direct Deposit or Check

Once your tax refund is approved, you can choose to have it directly deposited into your bank account or receive a paper check in the mail. Direct deposit is the faster and more secure option, allowing you to access your refund sooner. However, if you prefer a physical check, you can opt for that as well.

In conclusion, understanding tax returns is crucial for individuals and businesses to fulfill their tax obligations and make the most of any potential deductions and credits. By gathering the necessary documents, accurately tracking income and deductible expenses, choosing the appropriate filing status, and filing on time, taxpayers can navigate the tax return process with confidence. Whether you choose to prepare your own tax return, use online services, consult a professional, or seek legal advice, ensuring accuracy and completeness is essential. And for those fortunate enough to receive a tax refund, knowing how to check the refund status and choosing between direct deposit and a check allows for a smooth and timely process. Remember, being proactive and well-informed about your tax returns can lead to a stress-free experience and potentially even some financial benefits.