How To Do Taxes Yourself Step By Step?

Welcome to a simple guide on how to do your taxes yourself, step by step. By following these clear instructions, you will be able to confidently navigate the process of preparing and filing your taxes without the need for professional help. From gathering all necessary documents to understanding key deductions and credits, this article will provide you with the knowledge and tools needed to tackle tax season with ease. So, roll up your sleeves and let’s get started on mastering the art of tax filing!

How To Do Taxes Yourself Step By Step?

Have you ever wanted to take control of your own finances and file your taxes on your own, but didn’t know where to start? Filing your taxes doesn’t have to be daunting or complicated. With the right guidance and information, you can successfully navigate the process of doing your taxes yourself. In this article, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of filing your taxes on your own. Let’s get started!

Gather All Necessary Documents

Before you begin the process of filing your taxes, it is essential to gather all the necessary documents. This includes your W-2 forms, 1099 forms, receipts for deductions, and any other relevant paperwork. By having all your documents in one place, you can ensure a smooth and efficient filing process.

W-2 Forms

Your W-2 form is a crucial document that provides information about your income and taxes withheld by your employer. Make sure you have received all your W-2 forms from each of your employers before you begin filing your taxes.

1099 Forms

If you are self-employed or have income from other sources, you may receive 1099 forms instead of W-2 forms. These forms provide information about income earned from sources other than traditional employment. Make sure to gather all your 1099 forms before starting the filing process.

Receipts for Deductions

If you plan to itemize your deductions, you will need to gather all relevant receipts and documentation. This may include receipts for charitable donations, medical expenses, and business expenses. Having these receipts on hand will make it easier to claim deductions and reduce your taxable income.

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Choose the Right Tax Filing Method

Once you have gathered all your necessary documents, the next step is to choose the right tax filing method for your situation. There are several options available, including filing by mail, using tax software, or hiring a professional tax preparer. Each method has its pros and cons, so it’s essential to choose the one that best suits your needs.

Filing by Mail

Filing your taxes by mail is the traditional method of filing taxes. You will need to fill out the appropriate tax forms, attach all necessary documents, and mail them to the IRS. While this method can be time-consuming and may take longer to process, it is a viable option for those who prefer a hands-on approach to tax filing.

Using Tax Software

Tax software programs have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their ease of use and affordability. These programs guide you through the tax filing process, helping you input your information accurately and claim all eligible deductions. Many tax software programs also offer e-filing options, making it easier to submit your taxes online.

Hiring a Professional Tax Preparer

If you are not comfortable filing your taxes on your own or have a complicated tax situation, hiring a professional tax preparer may be the best option for you. Tax preparers have the expertise to navigate complex tax laws and maximize your deductions. While this option may be more expensive than filing on your own, it can provide peace of mind knowing that your taxes are being handled by a professional.

Determine Your Filing Status

Before you begin filling out your tax forms, you need to determine your filing status. Your filing status is based on your marital status and family situation, and it determines the tax rates and deductions you are eligible for. There are five filing statuses: Single, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, Head of Household, and Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child.


If you are unmarried, divorced, or legally separated according to state law, your filing status is Single. This status applies if you are not considered married for tax purposes as of the last day of the tax year.

Married Filing Jointly

If you are married and file a joint tax return with your spouse, your filing status is Married Filing Jointly. This status allows you to combine your incomes and deductions on one tax return.

Married Filing Separately

If you are married but choose to file separate tax returns from your spouse, your filing status is Married Filing Separately. This status may be beneficial in certain situations, such as when one spouse has significant deductions or liabilities.

Head of Household

If you are unmarried, have paid more than half the cost of keeping up a home for the tax year, and have a qualifying child or dependent, you may qualify for the Head of Household filing status. This status provides tax benefits for single parents or individuals caring for dependents.

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Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child

If your spouse passed away in the previous tax year, you may qualify for the Qualifying Widow(er) with Dependent Child filing status for the following two tax years. This status allows you to use the Married Filing Jointly tax rates and standard deduction.

Review Tax Deductions and Credits

One of the most critical steps in filing your taxes is reviewing available deductions and credits that can help lower your tax liability. Tax deductions reduce your taxable income, while tax credits directly reduce the amount of tax you owe. By taking advantage of deductions and credits, you can maximize your tax savings and potentially receive a larger refund.

Common Tax Deductions

Some common tax deductions include:

  • Standard deduction
  • Itemized deductions (mortgage interest, property taxes, medical expenses)
  • Student loan interest deduction
  • Educator expenses deduction
  • Charitable donations deduction

Tax Credits

Tax credits can provide a dollar-for-dollar reduction in your tax liability. Some common tax credits include:

  • Earned Income Tax Credit
  • Child Tax Credit
  • American Opportunity Credit
  • Lifetime Learning Credit
  • Saver’s Credit

Fill Out Your Tax Forms

Once you have gathered all necessary documents, determined your filing status, and reviewed available deductions and credits, it’s time to start filling out your tax forms. The forms you need to file will depend on your individual tax situation, but the most common forms include Form 1040, Form 1040A, and Form 1040EZ.

Form 1040

Form 1040 is the standard tax form used by individuals to file their annual income tax return. This form allows you to report all sources of income, claim deductions and credits, and calculate your tax liability or refund. Form 1040 is the most comprehensive form and is suitable for most taxpayers.

Form 1040A

Form 1040A is a shorter version of Form 1040 and is designed for taxpayers with simple tax situations. This form allows you to report income, deductions, and credits, but with certain restrictions. Form 1040A may be suitable for those who do not itemize deductions or have significant investment income.

Form 1040EZ

Form 1040EZ is the shortest and simplest tax form available for individual taxpayers. This form is designed for taxpayers with uncomplicated tax situations and limited income sources. Form 1040EZ does not allow for itemized deductions and is best suited for those with straightforward tax affairs.

Check Your Math and Review Your Return

Before submitting your tax return, it’s crucial to double-check your math and review all information for accuracy. Even small errors in calculations or data entry could result in penalties or delays in processing your return. Make sure to review all forms and schedules carefully before submitting them to the IRS.

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Double-Check Your Math

Math errors are one of the most common reasons for tax return rejections or delays. Use a calculator or tax software to ensure that all figures are entered correctly and that calculations are accurate. Pay special attention to calculations involving income, deductions, and credits.

Review Your Return

Take the time to review your entire tax return before submitting it to the IRS. Look for any missing information, incorrect data, or potential red flags that could trigger an audit. Review all forms, schedules, and attachments to confirm that everything is filled out correctly.

Submit Your Tax Return

Once you have completed all necessary forms, checked your math, and reviewed your tax return, it’s time to submit your return to the IRS. There are several ways to file your taxes, including mailing your forms, e-filing through tax software, or using the IRS’s online filing system. Choose the method that is most convenient for you and follow the instructions for submission.

Mailing Your Tax Return

If you choose to file your taxes by mail, make sure to send your forms to the appropriate IRS address. Use certified mail or a delivery service with tracking to ensure that your return reaches the IRS securely. Keep a copy of your return and any supporting documents for your records.


Many taxpayers opt to e-file their taxes using tax software or online services. E-filing is a secure and convenient way to submit your return electronically, and it allows for faster processing and confirmation of receipt by the IRS. Make sure to follow the e-filing instructions provided by your chosen software or service.

Using IRS Online Filing

The IRS offers an online filing system called Free File, which allows eligible taxpayers to file their taxes for free. This system is available to individuals with an income below a certain threshold and provides step-by-step guidance for completing and submitting your tax return. Visit the IRS website to access the Free File system.

Follow Up on Your Tax Return

After submitting your tax return, it’s essential to follow up on its status and address any issues that may arise. The IRS may need additional information or clarification on your return, and it’s crucial to respond promptly to any requests for documentation.

Tracking Your Refund

If you are expecting a refund, you can track its status using the IRS’s “Where’s My Refund?” tool on their website. This tool allows you to check the status of your refund, confirm its processing, and receive an estimated date of when you can expect to receive your refund.

Responding to IRS Notices

If the IRS identifies any discrepancies or errors on your tax return, they may send you a notice requesting additional information or corrections. Make sure to address these notices promptly and provide any necessary documentation to resolve the issue. Ignoring IRS notices could result in penalties or other consequences.


Filing your taxes yourself can be a rewarding and empowering experience. By following these step-by-step instructions and guidelines, you can successfully navigate the process of doing your taxes on your own. Remember to gather all necessary documents, choose the right filing method, determine your filing status, review deductions and credits, fill out your tax forms accurately, and submit your return on time. With a little patience and attention to detail, you can take control of your finances and file your taxes with confidence. Good luck!